San Remo Agreement April 1920

As the map shows, the original mandate was for the whole of Palestine; In 1921, Winston Churchill separated about 78 percent from Palestine to found the emirate of Transjordan, where British ally Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn was installed as king. Julie Murray said: “The separation between British and French territory was clarified in the Franco-British Convention on certain points concerning the mandates for Syria and Lebanon, Palestine and Mesopotamia, signed in December 1920, which does not mention Transjordan, as it is part of the British mandate of Palestine.” The conference, which was attended by Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan, with the United States as neutral observers, was held in San Remo, Italy, in April 1920. On January 6, 1920, Prince Faisal, Hussein`s son, signed an agreement with French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau that “recognizes the right of Syrians to unite to govern themselves as an independent nation.” [4] On 8 March 1920, a pan-ical congress meeting in Damascus proclaimed an Arab kingdom independent of Syria. [5] The new state included modern Syria and Jordan, parts of northern Mesopotamia that had been set aside under the Sykes-Picot agreement for an independent Arab state or confederation, and nominally the territories of modern Israel-Palestine and Lebanon, although the latter areas were never under the control of Fayçal. Fayçal has been declared head of state. At the same time, Prince Zeid, Faisal`s brother, was declared regent of Mesopotamia. CBN News www.cbn.com/cbnnews/insideisrael/2010/july/san-remo-resolution-revisited/ The conference approved the final framework for a peace treaty with Turkey, signed later on 10 August 1920 in Sevres. The Treaty of Sevres abolished the Ottoman Empire, obliged Turkey to renounce all rights over Arab Asia and North Africa, and provided for an independent Armenia, an autonomous Kurdistan and a Greek presence in Eastern Thrace and the west coast of Anatol, as well as Greek control of the Aegean islands that the Dardanelles commanded. The treaty, rejected by the new Turkish nationalist regime, was replaced in 1923 by the Treaty of Lausanne, which invalidated the Allies` earlier demands for Kurdish autonomy and Armenian independence, but which also recognizes Turkey`s current borders. “There is probably no more discreet event in the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict than the San Remo conference of April 1920,” Efraim Karsh, director of the Begin-Sadate Center for Strategic Studies, wrote in a paper released Friday. The San Remo Conference was an international meeting of the Supreme Council of Allies after World War I as a descendant of the Paris Peace Conference held April 19-26, 1920 at Villa Devachan in Sanremo, Italy.

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